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first aid training

First Aid Training

First aid training is conducted by all airlines as part of their Flight Attendant Training

 

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POISONING

CHEMICAL

Symptoms:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Headache
  • Cramps
  • Chills and fever

First Aid:

  • If antidote is not available:
  • Get medical attention as soon as possible.
  • Dilute poison immediately. If antidote is available:
  • Administer antidote from container.
  • Dilute poison with large amounts of fluid to cause vomiting. Plain water or milk (coats stomach) If nothing else is available.
  • DO NOT induce vomiting if lips show stains of burns from lye or other strong material.
  • Use the universal antidote as a neutralizer.

Universal antidote:

  • Slice of burnt toast crumbled up.
  • A tablespoon of milk of magnesia.
  • A cup of strong tea.

Food Poisoning

Cause:

  • Eating contaminated food - apparent within 2 hours.

Symptoms:

  • Diarrhea
  • Severe stomach cramps
  • Vomiting
  • Headache
  • Chills and fever

First Aid:

  • Keep as quiet and comfortable as possible.
  • Get medical attention as soon as possible.
  • Keep in mind that food poisoning may not have been caused by food served on board. Determine if customer brought food on board. Depending on the time of occurrence, find out where and what the customer ate at the last meal before boarding the aircraft.
  • Keep samples of all food under refrigeration. Do not let food samples freeze as this will kill any bacteria that might be the cause of food poisoning.

Note all pertinent information about the customer including time food was eaten and onset of illness, etc., in a Flight Attendant Report of Irregularity. An aircrew of any airline is trained to handle such situation in their flight attendant training program.

If working a Charter flight on which food is served; a sample of all food served aboard the aircraft on that flight is to be saved for inspection by the Local Board of Health.

SIMPLE FAINTING

Temporary loss of consciousness when not enough blood reaches the brain.

Causes:

  • Hunger
  • Fatigue
  • Emotional distress
  • Severe injury

Symptoms:

  • Blurring of vision
  • Weakness
  • Paleness
  • Sweating
  • Nausea

First Aid:

Use any of the following methods that may apply:

  • Lay flat with feet elevated.
  • Sit down or kneel and bend forward at the waist with head lower than waist. Break open an ammonia inhalant in a kleenex, paper towel, etc., and pass at least 6 inches under nose.

SPINAL INJURIES

Causes:

  • Blunt injury to neck or back (i.e., air turbulence, falls, etc.)
  • Penetrating injury (goes through the skin)
  • Disease
  • Surgery
  • Congenital defects

Symptoms:

  • Pain
  • Numbness or tingling
  • Paralyses
  • Abnormal appearance to or near the areas of the spinal column.

First Aid:

  • Do not move victim. Assess ABC's and proceed accordingly.
  • Manually immobilize victim. Stay with them (i.e., hold head or area affected in position so there is no unnecessary movement.) Pillow and blankets may be of use.
  • Control external bleeding as necessary.
  • Any victim whose injury may possibly involve the spine or who sustains an injury which renders them unconscious, should be assumed to have sustained possible head and/or spinal injuries and be treated as such until proven otherwise.
  • Request medical attention.
  • Continue assessing/treating person until paramedics meet the aircraft.

TRAUMATIC SHOCK

Traumatic shock is the depressed condition of the body's functions due to poor blood circulation. Usually follows serious injury. Degree of shock will depend upon the age and condition of the person.

Causes:

  • Loss of blood
  • Injury
  • Fear
  • Pain
  • Emotional strain
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of sleep
  • Sight of one's injury

Symptoms:

  • Pale
  • Cold, clammy skin
  • Rapid, weak pulse
  • Shallow, rapid breathing
  • Low body temperature
  • Uncoordinated and halting speech
  • Vacant and dilated eyes (pupil is larger than normal)

First Aid:

  • Lay flat with feet elevated unless spinel/head injury is suspected.
  • Administer 02.
  • Conserve body temperature by covering lightly but do not overheat.
  • Reassure victim and continually monitor.
  • Get medical attention as soon as possible.
  • Rememberer-shock can and has caused death. If a victim develops, and remains in shock, death may result even though the injury causing the shock is not fatal. The proper course is to give first aid for shock to any seriously injured victim. It is acceptable to give a small amount of water upon request from a coherent customer.

  

UNCONSCIOUSNESS

This is a symptom of many different illnesses and injuries.

Causes:

  • Fainting
  • Head injury
  • Acute alcoholism
  • Apoplexy (stroke)
  • Shock
  • Heart attack
  • Insulin reaction

First Aid:

  • Assess ABC's
  • If breathing fails, begin Rescue Breathing.
  • If no breathing/no pulse begin CPR.
  • If breathing appears normal and there are no apparent reasons for this condition, check the customer for a medic alert emblem or card.
  • If no medic alert emblem or card examine for signs of injury and treat. Check complexion color:
  • Pale - Lay victim flat with feet elevated; conserve body temperature, and use ammonia inhalant.
  • Red - Lay victim down with head slightly raised. Apply cold compress to head.
  • Blue - Lay victim down, conserve body temperature, and administer oxygen.
  • Never give liquids or food to an unconscious victim.
  • Continually monitor and maintain communication with flightdeck.

GUIDELINES FOR POST EVACUATION SURVIVAL

Land Survival

  • Gather emergency equipment.
  • Administer First Aid
  • Create a shelter from elements of nature using accessible materials.
  • Organize camp, assign duties, pool food and water.
  • Make landmark signals.
  • Start log book.
  • Stay near aircraft.
  • Give assistance to rescue personnel.

Desert Survival:

  • Ration available water.
  • Keep head and neck covered. Stay in shade to reduce sweating and loss of water.
  • Clothing - loose pants, long sleeve shirt - light colors.
  • Avoid foods with large quantities of protein.

Cold Climate Survival:

  • Dress as warmly as possible.
  • Huddle together share body heat.
  • To treat frost bite, warm frozen part slowly. Do not rub, do not apply ice or snow, do not thaw by exercising.

Cold Water Survival:

  • Protect high heat loss areas of the body which include:
  • Head and neck area.
  • Underarm and sides.
  • Groin area.
  • Movement can cause a 35% increased loss in body heat. Only move to remain afloat.
  • Watch for indications of hypothermia which include:
  • Intense shivering.
  • Poor coordination.
  • Loss of memory.
  • Maintain body heat.
  • "Help" position - Heat Escape Lessening Position - tuck arms/legs towards torso
  • Huddle position - huddle together.

 

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