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Flight Attendant Training

A theoretical approach to Flight Attendant Training carried out by major airline and flight attendant training institutes

First Aid Training

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ILLNESS AND INJURY

ABDOMINAL PAIN

GAS EXPANSION

Cause:

  • Gas is being trapped in GI track; caused by the expansion of gas within the digestive tract as the body adjusts to pressurization of the aircraft.

Symptoms:

  • Pain in lower abdomen

First Aid:

  • Do not try to hold; expel the gas.

GAS PAINS

Symptoms:

  • Gas pains are a common occurrence and may be recognized by intermittent pain. Indications of serious illness or disease:
  • Pain is persistent or severe and may be local (confined to a small area) or diffuse (widespread)
  • Tenderness which may be local or diffuse
  • Rapid pulse
  • Nausea and vomiting

First Aid:

Communicate:

  • Time of onset of pain
  • Location of pain
  • Nature of pain

Give nothing by mouth other than crushed ice if symptoms appear severe.

If severe pain persists, if possible the Captain may descend to a lower altitude. Pain could be caused by trapped gas at high attitudes.

GAS BUBBLE FORMATION (EVOLVED GAS)

This phenomenon is best equated with the bubbles in carbonated beverages. Under pressure the gases are in a solution and are not visible; however, when pressure is decreased (such as in removing the cap from a bottle), the gases escape and form bubbles. In the case of the human body, these bubbles form in the blood and certain tissues causing pain. Fatty tissue contains more nitrogen than other tissue thus making an overweight person more susceptible to the effects of evolved gas sickness.

Consider the effects of evolved gas as they relate to the particular areas of the body which are most commonly affected.

The bends -

Common to divers, have many of the same characteristics. The bends are characterized by pain in and about the joints, and may be mild at the onset. Nitrogen gases in the blood gather to form bubbles which generally settle in the area of the joints.

Symptoms:

  • Oxygen and nitrogen get into the blood stream causing inflammation of the joints
  • Extreme pain in and around joint

First Aid:

  • Must have oxygen
  • Must get to a lower altitude

ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE

Cause:

Alzheimer's disease is the progressive, not acute, loss of many mental abilities. The losses are irreversible. Alzheimer's disease can strike people age 40 and older.

Symptoms:

  • Forgetful
  • Confused about the time, the year, and their location
  • Restless
  • Personality and/or mood changes
  • Difficulty finding words
  • Irritable and suspicious

First Aid:

  • Be calm and patient.
  • Give the person your full attention.
  • Make the person aware of who you are.
  • Ask the person to give you some identification.
  • Repeat questions the same way each time you ask them.
  • Distract the person, or change the subject, if the situation is becoming difficult.
  • Avoid a confrontation.

Remember that the person with Alzheimer's disease cannot help his or her behavior. It is a neurological disease that is difficult for all involved.

AIRSICKNESS

Symptoms:

  • Headache
  • Pale
  • Warm, perspiration
  • Weak and dizzy
  • Apprehensive and restless
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Sense of motion or floating

Prevention:

  • Seat victim near front of cabin.
  • Have victim look at ceiling; this breaks the sensation of movement. Open air vents. Place cold, damp towels on forehead, wrists and back of neck. Dramamine may be given with a small amount of water every four (4) hours.

Dosage:

  • Adult-l tablet
  • Children (6-12 years) - 1/2 tablet
  • Children (under 6 years)- NONE

First Aid:

  • Offer airsick bag, Kleenex and cold towels.
  • Loosen tight clothing.
  • If victim wants medical attention, advise the Captain.
  • Crushed ice, carbonated beverages, or club soda with a squeeze of lime is helpful.
  • Use BioHazard Kit as necessary

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