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emergency procedure training

Emergency Handling procedures for Flight Attendants

Emergency handling training is a vital part of any Flight Attendant Training carried out by major airlines and flight attendant training institutes

 

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Door Slides

Use:

  • To evacuate customers and crew during an emergency situation.
  • Requires Flightdeck Notification and Inflight Operational Occurrence Report when used.

    Location:

  • One mounted on each door.

    Check:

  • Pressure Gauge.
  • Needle registers in the green band.
  • Girt retaining straps when present-prior to every flight.
  • Red strap above door window is present.

    Operation:

  • All door slides, when armed, are designed to inflate automatically.
  • All door slides are equipped with a manual inflation handle.
  • Slides take approximately 5 seconds to inflate.
  • Some slides are equipped with a mechanism to release the slide from the aircraft (quick release handle).

Slide Malfunction

If a slide does not inflate after pulling the inflation handle, a force of 60 pounds will be required to free the mechanical device that is holding the slide in a folded position. It is recommended that the Flight Attendant instruct two male customers to climb down the slide to break the mechanical tie. They should then hold the slide taut at about a 45 degree angle for the use of the other customers as a non-inflatable slide. Instruct customers when evacuating to sit and slide rather than jump.

 

Type of Door Slides

  • On the-300 aircraft, there has been a problem of excess girt material outside the container on the forward doorslides. This excess material, during an evacuation, could become caught on the retaining door brackets as the door begins to open thus jamming the door and preventing the slide deployment.
  • Immediate correction of this problem led to modification of the existing slides and development of a completely new slide.

Presently, there are three different types of slides you may encounter on the-300 series aircraft - each with a defining slide casing. The various slides will be referred to as Type 1, Type 2, Type 3 with Modified casing. Each is explained in the following diagrams.

Type 1 Slide

On present-300 aircraft that have not been modified, the girt retaining straps must be checked prior to every flight to ensure that vecro tabs are securely holding the straps and that the straps are properly routed.

Type 2 Slide

On-300 aircraft that have been modified, the forward slides will not have girt retaining straps. They will have two placards, one on the girt material and one on the slide cover.

NOTE: Because this is a "modified" casing, velcro strips will remain on the slide case.

This modified version is easily identifiable by the placard which is attached to the Girt where it wraps around the Girt Bar. This new placard reads "THIS SIDE UP WHEN IN FLOOR BRACKETS."

Type 3 slide

On some new aircraft, a third type of forward door slide has been installed. These forward slides have a large placard on the slide cover which indicates that girt retaining straps, velcro and routing placards are not required.

Type 3 slide-With Modified casing

On certain aircraft, you may find a Type 3 slide intalled in an old casing. Although a placard, will be present stating that girt retaining straps, velcro and routing information is not required, previous velcro tabs and placards will still be visible on the slide casing.

 

Halon Extinguisher

Use:

  • To extinguish a class A, B or C fire.
  • Requires Flightdeck Notification and Inflight Operational Occurrence Report when used.

Location:

  • One secured in the forward left overhead bin.
  • One secured in the aft left overhead bin.

Check:

  • Pressure gauge needle registers in the green band or above.
  • Pin is present.
  • Secured properly in brackets.

Operation:

  • Pull the pin.
  • Squeeze the handles together.
  • Aim at the base of the flame using a sweeping motion.

NOTE: The effective range for the Halon extinguisher is 9-13 feet for a duration of 7 seconds. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Maintain an upright position for most effective use.

 

H20 Extinguisher

    Use:

  • To extinguish a class A fire or saturate a fire-affected area to prevent reignition.

    Requires Flightdeck Notification and Inflight Operational Occurrence Report.

    Location:

  • One secured in the fwd left overhead bin.

    Check:

  • Leaded wire seal is intact
  • Handle contains a C02 cartridge.
  • Secured properly in the brackets.

    Operation:

  • Turn the handle clockwise fully
  • Press the lever on top of the extinguisher.
  • Aim at the base of the flame using a sweeping motion.

NOTE: The effective range for the H20 extinguisher 15-20 feet for a duration of 30-45 seconds. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Maintain an upright position for most effective use.

Lavatory Fire Extinguisher

    Use:

  • To extinguish a lavatory trash fire or electric overheat.
  • Requires Flightdeck Notification and Inflight Operational Occurrence Report when any of the discs on the temperature indicator are black.

    Location:

  • One in each lavatory secured to the side of the trash chute, under the sink.

    Check:

  • Discs on temperature indicator are all silver in color.
  • Door under sink must be properly latched.

    Operation:

  • In the presence of an overheat or an actual fire, the extinguisher will automatically discharge and the temperature indicator will register the appropriate indicator causing the silver discs to turn black.

Aft Closet Fire Extinguisher

Some aircraft are equipped with AFT closet fire extinguishers, others are not. if so equipped, the following information will apply to your particular aircraft: Lab

Automatic discharge into aft closet requires Inflight Operational Occurrence Report and flight deck notification, if apparent use.

    Location:

  • Aft closet ceiling

    Check:

  • Needle in green band area

Protective Breathing Equipment (PBE)

For references throughout this manual, the protective breathing exqipment will be referred to as a PBE.

    Use:

  • Don in circumstances in which dense smoke and/or fumes are present.
  • Requires Flightdeck Notification and Inflight Operational Occurrence Report when used. Most cabin fires are detected and extinguished by crew members without being impaired by smoke or fumes

    Location:

  • Two secured in the forward overhead bin A/C left
  • One secured in the aft overhead bin A/C left.

    Check:

  • Visually ensure vacuum-sealed silver pouch is present.

    Operation:

  • Pull vacuum-sealed pouch from the container.
  • Open pouch and remove the hood.
  • Place hands in the rubber opening and stretch apart.
  • Place the PBE on head, rubber lining around the neck.
  • Lean forward, and pull straps forward.
  • Pull straps back to lock hood in place.

PBE Facts

The pulling and locking action with the straps activates and initiates the chemical generation of oxygen. The P.B.E. must be donned within 15 seconds and long hair tucked inside the P.B.E. The oxygen will last approximately 15 minutes. As the oxygen supply diminishes, the hood will collapse. Before removing the P.B.E. make sure you are clear and away from any source of fire.

Emergency Flashlights

    Use:

  • Flashlights are not effective if the cabin is filled with dense smoke.
  • They are for emergency use only.
  • Requires Flightdeck Notification and Inflight Operation Occurrence Report when used.

    Location:

  • Two secured to the bulkhead by the forward Flight Attendant jumpseat.
  • One or two secured to the bulkhead by the aft Flight Attendant jumpseat.

    Check:

  • Red indicator light flashes every 8-10 seconds.
  • May have red or clear strap.

    Operation:

  • Pull flashlight out of bracket.
  • Flashlights are activated automatically upon removal from their brackets.
  • The duration of the Emergency Flashlight is 4.5 hours.

Megaphone

    Use:

  • In case of electrical power failure.
  • During and after an emergency evacuation.
  • During a bomb threat evacuation.
  • Requires flightdeck notification and Inflight Operation Occurrence Report when used.

    Location:

  • One secured in the forward left overhead bin.
  • One secured in the aft left overhead bin.

    Check:

  • Squeeze trigger and listen for audible "click"
  • Secured properly in the brackets.

    Operation:

  • Press the button on the handle and speak normally.
  • The maximum range of the Megaphone is 50 feet with a duration of 30 minutes continual use.

Portable Oxygen Bottle (POB)

For references throughout this manual, portable oxygen bottles will be referred to as POBS.

    Use:

  • For first aid.
  • Following a decompression.
  • Requires flightdeck notification and Inflight Operational Occurrence Report.

    Location:

  • Two bottles secured in the forward right overhead bin
  • One bottle secured in the mid-cabin right overhead bin.
  • One bottle secured in the aft right overhead bin.

    Check:

  • Pressure gauge needle registers 15OO or above.
  • Mask may be enclosed in plastic and is plugged into the LO outlet.
  • Secured properly in the brackets.

    Operation:

  • Ensure that mask is plugged into proper outlet.
  • LO - Decompression.
  • HI - First Aid.
  • Turn knob counterclockwise fully.
  • Pinch plastic bag closest to mask to ensure flow of oxygen.
  • Place mask over nose and mouth.
  • No smoking for a three row radius.

Guidelines For Using a POB

SETTING PROVIDES USE FOR LASTS
HI 4 liters per min. First Aid 66 minutes
LO 2 liters per min Decompression 120 minutes
  • Remove plastic bag and tissue when present.
  • Place in customer seat and pad.
  • Fasten seat belt around both customer and POB.
  • POB may remain in seat for landing.
  • Do not let gauge go below 200.
  • When it is no longer required turn off.
  • Disconnect tubing from the bottle.
  • Secure properly in brackets.
  • Wrap tubing around the top of the POB.

*Any time a POB is used, the following should be reported to the Captain as well as recorded on the Inflight Operational Occurrence Report

  • location of POB used
  • gauge reading
  • length of use

First Aid Kits (FAK)

For references throughout this Manual, First Aid Kits will be referred to as FAKS.

    Use:

  • When first aid items are not available in the Flight Attendant pouch.
  • Requires flightdeck notification and Inflight Operational Occurrence Report when used.

    Location:

  • One secured in the forward right overhead bin.
  • One secured in the aft right overhead bin.

    Check:

  • Leaded wire seal and/or tape seal is intact.
  • Secured properly with velcro tape.

    Operation:

  • Use contents in accordance with First Aid procedures. Replenishment packs should be available at each station.
  • The flightdeck must verify the contents of a used kit. A broken seal is acceptable with flightdeck verification.

CPR Masks

    Use:

  • CPR masks will be used when administering CPR or Rescue Breathing to adult, child or infant.
  • Requires flightdeck notification and inflight Operational Occurrence Report when used.

    Location:

  • One secured in the forward right overhead bin.
  • One secured in the aft right overhead bin.

    Check:

  • Check for presence.
  • Secured properly with velcro tape that secures FAK.

    Operation:

  • Use in accordance with Rescue Breathing and CPR procedures.
  • Dispose of immediately after use.

Latex Gloves

    Use:

  • Latex gloves will be used in a situation in which you may come in contact with bodily fluids (i.e., saliva, vomit, blood, urine, etc.).

    Location:

  • One box secured in the forward right overhead bin.
  • One box secured in the aft right overhead bin.

    Check:

  • Check for presence.
  • Secured properly with velcro tape that secures FAK.

    Operation:

  • Latex gloves should be used when needed and removed by pulling completely forward, inside out over the hand.
  • Dispose of immediately after use.
  • Wash hands thoroughly with soap and water after use.

BioHazard Kit

    Use:

  • For the clean-up of potentially harmful blood/body fluid spills.

    Location:

  • One secured forward right overhead bin.
  • One secured in aft right overhead bin.

    Check:

  • For presence

Emergency Medical Kit

    Use:

  • To be used in a medical situation when the required items are not available in the First Aid Kit.
  • Only by a licensed Medical Doctor (MD) or a Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO). Requires flightdeck notification and Inflight Operational Occurrence Report with attached Use of Airline Emergency Medical Kit Form

    Location:

  • One is secured on the flightdeck.

    Check:

  • Tape seal is intact and may be enclosed in plastic shrink wrap.
  • Secured properly with velcro tape.

    Operation:

  • Check credentials of MD or DO.
  • Attending physician must fill out the Use of Airline Emergency Medical Kit form to be turned in with the inflight Operational Occurrence Report.
  • If the seal is broken and/or the kit is used but contents meet minimum requirements listed on the inside lid, the kit is acceptable. The contents must be verified by the MD or DO and reported to the Captain for final verification.

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